Fundamentals of rural sociology & educational psychology including social groups,social change, social systems, social institutions. Different extension methodologies. (Individual group & mass contacts) including visual, audio visual aids for effective transfer of agricultural technologies to the farmers through audiovisual aids like, television, Radio, OHP, LCD, DVD, charts, posters, leaflet, folders, Kisan Call Centre, internet, world wide web. Development of Entrepreneurship for farm business. Rural Agril Work Experience (RAWE) programs in different villages.which is helpful for to obtain information from grass root level.