One of the most important department which deals with fundamentals of crops and different techniques of crop production viz. seeds, sowing and intercultural operations. Varieties / hybrids, manures and fertilizers, weeds and their management, soil water conservation techniques and irrigation water management. Various dry land/irrigated cropping and farming systems including organic farming under different weather conditions. Weather parameters viz rainfall, temperature sunshine hours, relative humidity, wind velocity, water evaporation in relation to crops and their stages are studied.